Day 30: Why Should I Use Peat Free Compost?

If you’re new to gardening and growing your own, you might have heard the phrase ‘peat-free compost’ and then various different opinions surrounding it with the strongest thread being that we shouldn’t be using it.

But why?

In this journal article, I’m going to do a short and sweet high level overview of peat compost and peat free compost. Much like the bogs it’s extracted from, the topic is quite a deep one! So hopefully this tells you enough 🙂

How Peat Is Extracted

The issue with peat composts comes from it’s lack of sustainability and its detrimental effects on the environment.

To create compost that contains peat, the peat has to be extracted from bogs. The process isn’t pretty and ruins bogs that provide a home to flora and various wildlife.

The youngest bogs are around 1000 years old and they take much longer to properly form, so it’s not viable for them to spring back quickly and by that point, wildlife and nature has been destroyed anyways.

Why is peat important?

Peat holds on to water and nutrients, but it’s not nutritious in itself.

For years it was used because of these properties but now we have the knowledge of other composts and exactly what peat does to the environment, alternatives are available.

Choosing Your Compost

Firstly, and if you can, I’d always recommend having your own compost bin or pile.

It takes around two years to give you soil (unless you opt for one that’s built to be quick then around 6 months to a year). That soil can then be used for your gardening needs.

It’s also a brilliant way of using up food waste scraps and leaves that build up!

If you don’t have the space but still love growing either on your windowsill or balcony, opt for peat free composts. They’re widely available and you’ll be making a big difference to our environment.

Other things you can use are thing like green manure where you grow plants, cut them down then let them rot into the soil. This is a brilliant way of keeping your soil healthy, plus you get a glorious show before you mix the plants in. This way you don’t need as much new compost each year.

Why Is Flora And Fauna Important?

You can honestly view flora and fauna as what gives us life on this planet.

Flora being plants. Fauna animals.

Flora gives off oxygen, which the fauna need to breathe, fauna gives off carbon dioxide which the flora needs to photosynthesize, the fauna eventually die, decay and provide energy for the flora.


Every plant and animals brings something to the table in our ecosystem and flora and fauna enable humans to have food, water and medicine.

If we destroy it, then we destroy ourselves eventually.

Serious? Yes. To the point? Yes.

Sometimes, we have the opportunity to rebalance the scales and this is one of them.